Nizhnekamskneftekhim is one of the largest petrochemical plants in Europe. It leads the Russian Federation in the production of synthetic rubber and plastics. Its primary production facilities are located in the city of Nizhnekamsk, Tatarstan. The company was established in 1967. The Novorossiysk Port is the busiest in Russia and fifth-busiest in Europe in terms of volume of freight passing through. The port is located in the ice-free Novorossiysk Bay (also known as Tsemes Bay) on the north eastern coast of the Black Sea. The port was founded in 1845. Maintaining such a machine is also a costly business. For instance, one hour’s flight time in an Mi-17 costs USD 3000-3500. Fuente: Flickr / Doug88888 My Kamchatka notes Norilsk1 Subway projects Nikolay Mashukov artist The Sevmash shipbuilding company is located in the Arkhangelsk-region city of Severodvinsk. It is the largest shipbuilding complex in Russia. Sevmash's primary focus is in building nuclear submarines for the Russian Navy.
Ruske megatovarne: Srce ruske naftne in petrokemične industrije Ruske megatovarne: Helikopterji za ves svet

Ruske megatovarne: Novorossijsk, največja luka v Rusiji

Avtor: Slava Stepanov, Gelio
The Novorossiysk Port is the busiest in Russia and fifth-busiest in Europe in terms of volume of freight passing through. The port is located in the ice-free Novorossiysk Bay (also known as Tsemes Bay) on the north eastern coast of the Black Sea. The port was founded in 1845.
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Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Pristanišče Novorossijsk je bilo ustanovljeno leta 1845. Danes predstavlja največjo luko v Rusiji in peto v Evropi po količini pretovorjenega blaga. Najdemo jo v Cemeškem zalivu v severovzhodnem delu Črnega morja, kjer tudi pozimi ni mraza.
The port covers an area of 238 hectares (588 acres).

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Luka zavzema površino 238 hektarjev.
141 million tons of freight passed through the port in 2013.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

V Novorossijsku letno pretovorijo okoli 140 milijonov ton različnega blaga.
Ships with general types of freight come here most often.The geographical range of the flags flown here is widespread, ranging from Togo, Tanzania, and Sierra Leone to Tuvalu and Saint Kitts and Nevis. Ships flying Turkish and Maltese flags are the port's most frequent visitors.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Tukaj običajno pristajajo tankerji. Ladje potujejo pod zastavami različnih držav, kot so Togo, Tanzanija, Sierra Leone in Tuvalu, najpogostejši obiskovalci pa imajo malteško in turško zastavo.
Fewer container ships travel to the port, although their numbers have grown in recent years.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Ladij s kontejnerji je manj, a v zadnjih letih beležijo porast njihovega števila.
Large ocean-liner container ships pull up to the piers. In 2013, for example, the pier received a 286-meter long Maersk container ship with a deadweight of 58,341 tons.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

V luko prihajajo velike čezoceanske kontejnerske ladje. Včasih sem na primer pride kontejnerska ladja z dolžino 286 metrov danskega podjetja Maersk, ki tovori skoraj 60 000 ton blaga.
Oil from drilling fields in Western Siberia, the Volga region, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan are transported through the Sheskharis terminal's piers. The oil unloaded here is destined for ports in Italy, Romania, Greece, Croatia, Spain, and Bulgaria.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Tu skozi recimo prepeljejo nafto z nahajališč v zahodni Sibiriji, pokrajini ob Volgi, Kazahstanu in Azerbajdžanu, namenjeno kupcem v Italiji, Romuniji, Grčiji, Hrvaški, Španiji in Bolgariji preko terminala Šesharis.
25,300 tankers were unloaded at the Sheskharis terminal alone. That's more than 1.2 billion tons of oil.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Samo na tem terminalu je 25 300 napolnjenih tankerjev, kar predstavlja preko 1,2 milijardi ton nafte.
The oil docks are up to 14.5 meters deep. The average rate at which oil is pumped reaches 10,000 tons/hour. At this rate, it takes 14-15 hours to load 140,000-145,000 tons of oil on the largest tankers.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Naftni doki so globoki 14,5 metrov. V povprečju v Novorossijsku prečrpajo okoli 10.000 ton na uro, kar pomeni, da največji naftni tanker z nosilnostjo okoli 150.000 ton napolnijo v okoli 15 urah.
In addition to oil, the terminal's piers also unload mazut (fuel oil), diesel fuel, and various other dry cargo.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Na terminalih poleg nafte polnijo tudi kurilno olje, dizelsko gorivo in druge vrste blaga.
More than 6,000 people work at the Novorossiysk Port.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

V luki Novorossijsk dela več kot 6.000 ljudi.
Shown here is a roadstead, the place where ships anchor on the way to the port while they wait for their turn to enter. Ships' waiting times vary between several hours and several days. The time depends on how busy the piers are or whether storm warnings are in place.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Na zgornji sliki vidite zasidrane ladje, ki čakajo na vstop v luko. Včasih morajo čakati nekaj ur, včasih pa tudi več dni. Čas čakanja je odvisen od zasedenosti kapacitet pristanišča in vremenskih napovedi, denimo glede neviht.
More than 4,500 ships pass through the Novorossiysk Port annually.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Vsako leto zapluje v Novorossijsk preko 4500 različnih ladij.
03. avgust 2017
Tagi: infrastruktura, transport, ruske tovarne

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